The Supreme Court on Tuesday directed Karnataka to release 2,000 cusecs of Cauvery water a day to Tamil Nadu till further orders.
At the same time, the apex court also asked both the states to maintain peace and harmony.
Saying that a sense of citizenry must prevail in two states, SC said, ‘morality of respect’ should exist among their people.
Yesterday, a high-level panel had suggested doing away with “outdated and unscientific water application techniques” to resolve the wrangle, saying both Karnataka and Tamil Nadu were facing water shortage, creating unemployment and financial hardship for the people.
The apex court-appointed Supervisory Committee, formed to inspect Cauvery basin to assess the ground realities in the region, had said that the neighbouring riparian states needed to appreciate interest of Tamil Nadu and Puducherry to protect their established irrigation and Karnataka’s aspirations for development and educate their people accordingly.
The panel in its 40-page report had noted that farmers in both states were in severe distress and adequate crop compensation must be provided to them.
“There has been large number of suicides reported in Karnataka’s Mandya district,” the report had said in its assessment of the social aspects of the situation in the Cauvery basin, as per PTI.
However, the technical assessment of the ground reality had stated that “the water application techniques are outdated and unscientific and the value of water is not realised. The water applied to the field is on the concept of flooding from one field to another adjacent field and as such the water consumption is on the higher side and during period of distress, this becomes very significant depending upon the soil condition”.
“The infrastructure to deliver water to the farmers is century old and has very low conveyance efficiency. This needs to be modernised for optimal use of scarce water. The conveyance efficiency can be further improved by piped distribution network and application efficiency by micro irrigation and precision irrigation. In addition, on-farm development works may be provided to ensure equitable distribution of water to individual farmer’s field,” the report had said.