During a recent visit to Bihar, Prime Minister Narendra Modi praised Chief Minister Nitish Kumar for his alcohol ban policy. He said: “I greet Nitish Kumar from the core of my heart for launching a campaign against liquor. But, this work (prohibition) would not be a grand success only by efforts of Nitish Kumar or one party. All the political parties, social organisations and citizens have to participate in it to make it a ‘jan-jan ka andolan‘ (peoples movement).”
In April 2016, Nitish Kumar announced a ban on the sale and consumption of liquor in the state. The ban was one of hiss key poll promises made to women voters-who rallied behind him strongly, as a Mint report indicated during the 2015 assembly elections.
Thirty days after the ban, Nitish Kumar claimed that the crime was down 27 per cent, according to his analysis of crime data from April 2016 and April 2015.
Nine months — or 270 days — into the ban, an IndiaSpend analysis of Bihar Police crime data, reveals that cognizable crime — which the police can investigate without a magistrate’s order — rose 13 per cent between April and October 2016, from 14,279 in April to 16,153 in October (the latest available data).
In other words, the liquor ban does not correlate with a drop in crime, a primary reason for the new law, which came into being despite the Patna High Court holding it violative of the constitution because it denied citizens their right to privacy under Article 21.
Conviction of criminals in Bihar had declined 68 per cent, from 14,311 in 2010 to 4,513 in 2015, and cognizable crimes rose 42 per cent over the same period, IndiaSpend reported in May 2016.
Every major crime — murder, rape, kidnapping, rioting — increased in the months following the liquor ban.
Bihar has a lower crime rate than more prosperous states with fewer people, such as Gujarat, Kerala, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh, mainly due to under-reporting, IndiaSpend reported in May 2016.