These problems are purely man-made. No one is to be blamed but ourselves. The environmental issues that confront us today are the consequences of economic development that we talk of. This is not generally realised, partly because neither the nature nor the implications of this fatal process are clearly understood.
– Spewing of CO2 by Volcanoes, greenery, sea water etc., are natural processes.
– But man’s out-of-the-box living style, consumption methodology and his greed for living a fast comfortable and lavish life is causing unexpected and unnatural imbalances in nature – result?
Many irreversible changes are taking place and bells are ringing:
- Snow Caps and glaciers are melting fast and sea levels are rising
- Temperature is increasing in atmosphere, causing rise in sea waves
- Floods, droughts, storms have become the cause for spread of diseases
- Agricultural production is affected resulting in unemployment, poverty, hunger and anger
- Uncontrolled migration of people from rural areas to urban areas in search of livelihood and better living conditions.
- Food security is under threat and also man-animal conflict.
- This has created an insatiable demand on all types of infrastructure like water, land, housing, energy and transport.
- Demand and supply of resources have become unmanageable.
- Finite Natural resources are being exploited to the maximum to meet the needs of the increasing population.
- In turn, the cost of living is going up and poor people are increasingly becoming victims.
- Farmers are being forced to surrender lands to enable mega developments around cities without enjoying fruits of development.
- There is uneven distribution of wealth and natural resources.
- Stratification of society is resulting in unhappiness and civil disobedience movements like Cauvery, Mahadayi etc, are on the increase.
- Due to climatic changes and non-availability of sufficient natural resources, future generations have to live in a world of limited quantity of water, limited natural resources.
Nation’s food security under threat – reality check:
- Mysuru agriculture scenario September 2016.
- All the 7 Taluks are under draught condition.
- 2015 – rainfall 613.1 mm but in 2016 – hardly 379.2 mm.
- Targeted paddy cultivation in 2016 – 1,02,650 hectares but actually cultivated is 65,617 hectares – even this paddy crop is withering and will not even be fit for fodder for bovines.
(1) create carbon sinks under social forestry and Green India Mission in every piece of vacant Government land – arid, semi-arid and also by converting a part of large parks as mini-forests by planting species of trees that produce more of oxygen,
(2) Take over race course, golf course and convert them into organic forests with public private participation from corporate sector and also asking people for planting as many carbon sequestering species of greenery as possible that keep rejuvenating in natural surroundings.
(3) Create a rain water harvesting pond in a suitable place in the race course and golf course by diverting storm water drains from the surrounding areas. This pond will serve as water source for flora and fauna that gets developed inside this mini-forest and also for rejuvenating borewells in and around CBD
(4) Take a break of one year from registration of all new second vehicles in a household to reduce air pollution and help children to breath some less polluted air. Similarly, a crash checking of vehicles that are more than 15 years old may be conducted to for weeding out such vehicles that emit huge amounts of emissions.
Future course of action required:
– We need to contain emission of Green House Gases that are increasing CO2 content in atmosphere – It was 289 Particulates Per Million (PPM) before industrialisation but today, it is 400 (PPM) of CO2. We need to bring it down to a tolerable limit of 350 PPM.
– Destruction of greenery is the main cause for this mega imbalance that is resulting in untimely draughts or flooding. Only 5 per cent of population living in urban areas are consuming 75 per cent of natural resources and bulk of 60 to 80 per cent of GHG emissions are from these urban areas. To satiate the greed of minimum percentage of people, maximum percentage of people are suffering. Let us rejig our priorities and help our future generations to survive.
– Vasanthkumar Mysoremath
(Environmentalist & social activist).