Prostate cancer (PC), which occurs in prostate (part of the male reproductive system), is one of the leading cancers, after lung cancer in the men, especially in the men above 50 years of age. As per the world cancer report of WHO (2014) PC is the second most common type of cancer and the fifth leading cause of cancer-related death in men all over the world. It starts with no symptoms initially and may lead to difficulty urinating, blood in the urine, or pain in the pelvis at later stages. In the year 2012 it has taken the lives of 3 lakh people out of 1.1 million men diagnosed with PC. Based on a study conducted with the support of World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) on food habits of 26 K men, researchers at Loma Linda University, California (USA) for the first time observed that chances of getting PC is less by 35% in vegetarians than in non-vegetarians. It is also known that non-vegetarian foods with no or less fibre are also known to lead to constipation and especially regular consumption of red meat is linked to elevated risk of heart disease, diabetes, kidney disorders and cancer owing to the saturated fat it contains. Hence, the present findings of Lima Linda University may support vegetarianism, which is more prevalent in our country.
Dr S V N Vijayendra, Mysuru