We are not talking about the just-concluded elections; the focus here is on a broader structural issue regarding the conduct of elections. The question is not new and was raised by the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Personnel, Public Grievances, Law and Justice in its report tabled in 2015. Prime Minister Narendrra Modi further raised the issue in March this year. The question pertains to the simultaneous conduct of elections and its impact on democratic functioning and governance. Broadly speaking, there are two views on the issue. Most of the parties are in favour of such an arrangement and some are against it.
Before moving on to the positives, it is important to understand the precedents of such a system. In India, according to the panel report, the first four elections to the LS and the state assemblies happened simultaneously. Post this disruption in the pattern emerged due to the dissolution of some assemblies due to the vagaries of coalition politics that first appeared in India in the late 1960s.