Basic mantra for development of any community or tribals is only through providing education, said Professor of Anthropology and Dean, School of Social Sciences University of Hyderabad Prof Kamal K Misra.
He was delivering the keynote address at the two-day national seminar on ‘Tribal economy in India: With special reference to Karnataka’ organised by Karnataka State tribal Research Institute in city on Friday.
Prof Misra said, “Tribes access to land, forest and other natural resources has been drastically curtailed by the overzealous state policy to own all natural resources against the customary rights of the tribes. “Their capability is largely constrained by the lack of education and awareness. So more emphasises should be laid on basic education to all Scheduled Tribes, men and women. There should be no more legislation for tribal development in general and improved livelihood, in particular. Emphasis should be on their implementation, keeping in mind the spirit of the legislation. Since the government has enacted excellent legislation, the final responsibility must be with the government to take steps in implementing the provisions of these acts for the benefit of the STs,” he added.
“Tribal livelihood needs long-term, location specific planning. Convergence of activities for sustainable livelihood is a viable option. Similarly, convergence of local institutions with line departments of the government, public-private-partnership schemes and flexi programmes is suggested for fund flow in augmenting livelihood programmes,” said Prof Misra.
“Traditional institutions as well as institutions working for the STs such as ITDAs, TRIs, and tribal universities need to be strengthened with financial autonomy and additional responsibility of training, research and extension,” Prof Misra added.
Earlier, delivering the inaugural address, Vice Chancellor of Kuvempu University Prof Jogan Shankar said, “Many native tribals have been included under Scheduled Tribe list and are considered as other backward classes and in other cases those who are listed under backward classes are actual tribes. Government need to look into this matter and address the issue,” said Prof Shankar.
Director of Karnataka State Tribal Research Institute Prof T T Basavanagowda, Deputy Director of ST Welfare Directorate Virupakshappa and others were present.