In our childhood, we studied that our country is mainly depended on agriculture and 70% of the population lives in villages and a majority of these are dependent on agriculture. However, today’s scenario is different. According to the survey conducted by National Sample Survey Organisation, during the period of July 2012 to June13 more than 50% of the farmers are debt ridden. It is shocking to know that around 90% of the farmers in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana are worst affected with loans. In Karnataka around 77.7% farmers are in debts. Compared to northern states, the number of debt ridden farmers is more in southern states. At present these figures might have gone up further with drought conditions prevailing most of the country during last couple of the years. This indicates the poor state of farming community in the country. This is leading to suicides. Crop loss due to unpredicted climatic conditions, non-remunerative support price to the produce and increasing inflation are some of the reasons for this condition. Government should focus on the farmers welfare as these are the backbones to feed millions of Indians.
Dr S V N Vijayendra, Mysuru