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Heart disease fast catching up with young Indians

Heart disease has affected the young Indian population 10 years ahead of their Western counterparts — particularly over the last three decades — owing to sedentary lifestyles and lack of exercise, the nations top cardiologists have warned. Heart disease or cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a collective term for diseases of the heart and blood vessels. The term commonly includes diseases such as coronary heart disease, heart failure, cardiomyopathy, congenital heart disease, peripheral vascular disease and stroke.
According to experts, nearly seven per cent of patients aged 25-40 in the metros suffer from coronary heart diseases (CAD).  CAD — also known as hardening of the arteries — is caused by the build-up of plaque. The arteries, usually smooth and elastic, get plaque on their inner walls, making them more rigid and narrowed. Typical symptoms include chest pain or angina, or shortness of breath — when the coronary arteries narrow, the heart may not receive enough blood when demand is greatest — especially after physical exertion.

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