Entertainment News, Nation, (Kolkata), December 27:-Urdu literature’s most iconic poet, Mirza Asadullah Baig Khan, known in popular culture by many names, but most commonly as Ghalib was remembered on Wednesday on his 220th birth anniversary.
West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee remembered the great poet on the occasion.
“Remembering the great poet, Mirza Ghalib, on his birth anniversary,” Banerjee posted on her social networking page
Famous Search engine as per its tradition of honouring iconic personalities, paid homage to one of Urdu literature’s most iconic poets Mirza Ghalib on the occasion.
The Google Doodle fittingly shows Ghalib, with his pen and paper, knitting his imagination, with a backdrop of buildings of Mughal architecture.
A post on Google’s blog described, “ His verse is characterized by a lingering sadness borne of a tumultuous and often tragic life — from being orphaned at an early age, to losing all of his seven children in their infancy, to the political upheaval that surrounded the fall of Mughal rule in India. He struggled financially, never holding a regular paying job but instead depending on patronage from royalty and more affluent friends.”
“But despite these hardships, Ghalib navigated his circumstances with wit, intellect, and an all-encompassing love for life. His contributions to Urdu poetry and prose were not fully appreciated in his lifetime, but his legacy has come to be widely celebrated, most particularly for his mastery of the Urdu ghazal (amatory poem),” the post added.
Born on December 27, 1797 in Agra of Uttar Pradesh, during the reign of Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah, Ghalib showed a gift for language at an early age and was educated in Persian, Urdu, and Arabic.
Ghalib was one of the important court poets in the court of Bahadur Shah Zafar II. He honored Ghalib with the royal titles of Dabber-ul-Mulk and Najm-ud-daulah. These titles ensured Ghalibs entery into the nobility of Delhi.
He suffixed his name with Mirza after Ghalib because of another title that the emperor added to his honor, Mirza Nosha. Bahadur Shah Zafar was a great poet himself and was very interested in writing and reciting poetry. Therefore at first, he was tutored by Ghalib in the year of 1854 and then Zafar invited him to sit in his court as an honorable court poet.
He also tutored Bahadur Shah Zafar II’s eldested son Fakhr-ud-Din. Ghalib was also the royal historian in the court of Zafar.
Ghalib started writing poetry before he turned a teenager. Besides Urdu and Persian, he was fluent in Turkish and Arabic.
Besides poetry, Ghalib wrote regular letters which serve as important historical documents of his times and reveal his sense of humour and mischief
Ghalib died on February 15, 1869 and the house where he lived in Delhi has been turned into a memorial known as “Ghalib ki Haveli”.
-(NAV, Inputs: Agencies)