While more young women are enrolled in higher education than ever before, they are either marrying early or not finding or not looking for jobs, according to an IndiaSpend analysis. The enrolment of girls in higher education increased from 39 per cent to 46 per cent from 2007 to 2014, but female participation in India’s labour force declined to a low of 27 per cent in 2014 from 34 per cent in 1999, according to a 2015 study by the IMF.
In 2016, girls were more successful than boys in clearing the 10th-standard exams of a national education board. While 428,443 girls appeared for the 10th-standard exams of the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), 379,523 were successful — a pass percentage of 88.5, according to CBSE data. By comparison, 564,213 boys wrote the exams and 444,832 were successful — a pass percentage of 79. Although the median age of marriage has increased, it continues to be low: 19.2 for women in 2011 (up from 18.2 in 2001),.