Prime News, Nation (New Delhi), November 11:-National Education Day is celebrated in India on November 11 commemorating the birth anniversary of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad served as the first education minister of the independent India from 1947 to 1958.
The day also remembers Maulana Azad’s contribution in laying the foundations of the education system in an independent India.While his real name was Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin, he later adopted Azad (free) as his pen name.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born on November 11, 2018. An academician and a freedom fighter, he was given the charge of the Education Minister for free India.
At the time, India, though free, was reeling through the years of exploitation. He considered schools as laboratories which produce future citizens of the country and, therefore, emphasised on quality education. He strongly advocated universal primary education, girls’ education, free and compulsory education for all children up to the age of 14, vocational training and technical education.
In 1912, he started a weekly journal in Urdu called Al-Hilal to increase the revolutionary recruit. He was awarded India’s highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna in 1922.
Eminent educationist Azad established some of the prominent educational and cultural institutions today including the Sangeet Natak Academy, Lalit Kala Academy, Sahitya Academy and the Indian Council for Cultural Relations. Also, the first Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Indian Institure of Science (IISc), School of Planning and Architecture and the University Grants Commission (UGC) were established under his tenure. On September 11, 2008, The Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) had announced the day will be celebrated as National Education Day.
-(NAV, Inputs: Agencies)