Sir M Visvesvaraya was a famous Indian engineer whose birthday, 15th September, is celebrated as ‘Engineer’s Day’ in India. September 15, 1860 to April 14, 1962
Birth place: Muddenahalli, Chikkaballapur, Karnataka
Knight Commander of the Indian Empire (KCIE)
Childhood & early life
- Even though the family was not rich, his parents wanted their son to get good education. He completed his primary education from his village school and went to high school in Bangalore.
- His father died when he was just 15 and the family was plunged into poverty. In order to continue his education, Visvesvaraya started giving tuitions to small children
- He joined the Central College in Bangalore and studied hard. He was a good student in spite of all the hardships in his life and completed his Bachelor of Arts in 1881.
- He went to the prestigious College of Engineering at Pune after he managed to get some help from the government.
- After his graduation in 1884, he found a job with the PWD of Mumbai and joined as an Assistant Engineer. Over the course, he served in Nasik, Khandesh and Pune.
- He then joined the Indian Irrigation Commission and helped to implement a complex system of irrigation in the Deccan area. During this time he was told to devise a method of supplying water from the river Sindhu to a small town called Sukkur.
- He designed and carried out the waterworks for the Municipality of Sukkur in 1895. He is credited with the development of the Block System which would prevent the wasteful flow of water in dams.
- The Visakhapatnam port was in danger of being eroded from the sea. Sir MV with his high intelligence and capabilities came up with a good solution to solve this issue.
- During the decade of the 1900s Hyderabad city was reeling under the threats of flood. Once again the brilliant engineer supervised the engineering work at Hyderabad by lending his services as a Special Consulting Engineer in 1909.
- He was appointed as the Chief Engineer of Mysore State in 1909 and as the Diwan of the princely state of Mysore in 1912, a position he held for seven years. As the Diwan, he made immense contribution towards the overall development of the state.
- He helped in founding of the Government Engineering College at Bangalore in 1917 which was later renamed as the Visvesvaraya College of Engineering in his honor.
- He served as the chief engineer for the construction of the KRS across river Cauvery in Mandya district.
- He is best remembered for the instrumental role he played in the construction of the KRS in 1924. This dam not only became the main source of water for irrigation for the nearby areas, but was also the main source of drinking water for several cities.