Prime News, International and National, New Delhi, United Nations (NY, USA), September 22:- Prime Minister Narendra Modi said that the United Nations faces a crisis of confidence without comprehensive reforms. He asserted that the world needs a reformed multilateralism that reflects today’s realities, gives voice to all stakeholders, addresses contemporary challenges and focuses on human welfare. The Prime Minister said this while addressing the high level meeting of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) to commemorate the 75th anniversary of United Nations last night (September 21) through video conferencing.
Modi said, the declaration that is being adopted on this occasion acknowledges that work still needs to be done in preventing conflict, ensuring development, addressing climate change, reducing inequality and leveraging digital technologies. He said “our world today is a better place because of the United Nations.”
The Prime Minister paid tributes to all those who have advanced the cause of peace and development under UN flag, including in UN Peacekeeping Missions, where India had been a leading contributor. He said “75 years ago, a new hope arose from the horrors of war and for the first time in human history, an institution was created for entire world.” He said as a founding signatory of the UN Charter, India was part of that noble vision. He further said that India looks forward to working with all other nations towards this end.
India has been spearheading decades-long efforts to reform the Security Council, saying a structure set up in 1945 does not reflect contemporary realities of the 21st century and is ill-equipped to handle current challenges. There is widespread support, including by four of the five permanent members of the Security Council – United States, United Kingdom, France and Russia – for a permanent seat for India at the Council.
UN Chief Guterres appeals for peace
The United Nations marked its 75th anniversary Monday with its chief urging leaders of an increasingly polarised, go-it-alone world to work together and preserve the organisation’s most important success since its founding: avoiding a military confrontation between the major global powers.
Secretary-General Antonio Guterres’ appeal for a revival of multilateralism — the foundation of the United Nations — was echoed by leaders of countries large and small, rich and poor. But despite largely positive speeches, it was clear that challenges lie ahead in collaborating to beat back the coronavirus pandemic, end numerous smaller conflicts from the Middle East to Africa, and achieve UN goals to eradicate extreme poverty and preserve the environment by a 2030 target.
“Today, we have a surplus of multilateral challenges and a deficit of multilateral solutions,” the UN chief said, stressing that COVID-19 has “laid bare the world’s fragilities,” which can only be addressed together.
“Climate calamity looms, biodiversity is collapsing, poverty is rising, hatred is spreading, geopolitical tensions are escalating, nuclear weapons remain on hair-trigger alert,” Guterres said.
Appealing for a new multilateralism that draws on civil society, cities, businesses, local authorities and young people, Guterres said “no one wants a world government — but we must work together to improve world governance.”
The United Nations marked its actual 75th anniversary — the charter’s signing in San Francisco on June 26, 1945 — at a scaled-down event. Monday’s mainly virtual official commemoration was a sobering assessment of the state of the world, the impact of the 193-member world body over seven decades and the struggles ahead. (Inputs: Agencies, NGB)