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   Yoga to reduce dryness of mouth 

Xerostomia is a medical word which means dryness of mouth or cotton mouth. Most of the people of any group complain of dryness of mouth or less of saliva in their oral cavity. Less production of saliva in mouth leads to various oral-related problems. Such as increase in caries formation on teeth, burning sensation of mouth, difficulty in opening mouth, food getting stuck to the teeth, cracked lips and angles of mouth, fissured tongue and many more. Dryness of mouth may be because of any medicine side effects, sometime because of mouth breathing, x- rays’ (radiotherapy during cancer treatment or during dental procedure) exposure or due to less water intake in day to day life.

“Xero means dryness”, “Stoma means mouth”

Normal value of saliva whole saliva flow rate in a normal person is 0.3–0.4 ml per minute and the method of calculating saliva is sialometry.

Dryness of mouth is one of the culprits for bad breath or halitosis and also causes difficulty in swallowing the food. Tongue will attach to Buccal mucosa or palate. Voice also gets change some time due to dryness of mouth.  Dentists are the health professionals, who always deal with such kind of problems.

Alarm for people who wake up during midnight to have water!!!

Salivary flow rate is decreased during sleep, which may lead to a transient sensation of dry mouth upon waking. Mouth breathing may be one of the reasons for feeling thirst during night time. Drugs (Ganja/ Marijuana) and alcohol consumption also lead to dryness of mouth.

Allopathic treatment – The successful treatment of xerostomia through medicines is difficult to achieve and often not up to the satisfactory level. Taking such medicines may give another kind of side effects, Such as salivary substitutes, Saliva stimulating acid and chewing gums or oral pilocarpine.

Traditional way through tobacco (areca nut)  treatment – As we know that chewing tobacco give birth to much dreadful disease like premalignant lesions, premalignant conditions and ultimately oral cancer. At the same time chewing areca nut having salivary stimulant properties, so it increases saliva. This way of treating xerostomia has countless side effects. So it’s not advisable.


Yoga can be the first choice of treating dryness of mouth.

To reduce dry mouth and promote the flow of saliva you need to eat juicy fruits, avoid smoking, doping and use of tobacco products in both forms Smoking and smokeless. At the same time, you need to drink lots of water and fresh fruits and vegetable juices to keep yourself hydrated. Also keep in mind that you need to do yoga (breathing exercises).

The following cooling  Pranayam is advisable

(1)  Sitali Pranayam

(2) Sitakari Pranayama

(3) Sadanta Pranayama

  • 1) Sitali Pranayam – Stithi (Position) – Vajrasana –

Way to Do –

Sit straight in a comfortable cross-legged position, Place the palm resting on thighs. .

  • Prepare yourself – Take 2-3 deep inhales and exhales through the nose. .
  • Stretch the tongue forward partly out of the mouth and fold it , so as to resemble the beak of a crow.
  • Slowly suck the air through beak and feel the jet of cool air passing down the throat into the lungs.
  • Slowly exhale through nostrils, feeling the movement of warm air all the way from lungs through throat and the nasal passages.
  • This completes one round of “Sitali Pranayama”
  • Repeat this process for 5-10 times. Best way is to start with 5 times a day and slowly increase it to 10 times per day.



2) Sitkari Pranayama –

Sthiti (Position) – Vajrasana

Way to do –

  1. Place the palms resting on the thighs.
  2. Fold the tip of the tongue inward horizontally. The folded tongue slightly comes out between the two rows of teeth. And provide a narrow opening on both sides.
  3. Slowly suck the air in through the two sides of the tongue, feel the cool stream of air diffusing throughout the mouth and throat in to the lungs.
  4. Exhale slowly through both nostrils. Feel the warmth of the exhaled air.
  5. This completes one round of Sitkari.
  6. Repeat nine rounds.


3) Sadata Pranayama

Sthiti (Position) – Vajrasna

Way to do –

  • Place the palms resting on the thighs.
  • Let the upper teeth touch the lower teeth.
  • Keep the tip of the tongue behind the teeth.
  • Inhale through crevices of the teeth & feel the cool air moving slowly and continuously in to the mouth and passing down the throat in to lungs.
  • The warm air is exhaled out slowly through both the nostrils. Feel the warmth of exhaled air.
  • This completes one round of Sadanta.
  • Repeat nine times.

 Complication – Sensitivity of teeth.  Contraindicated for people who are having sensitive teeth.


Dr. Sachin Sinha

(Trained and Certified Yoga instructor)











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